Friends COS calendar

Friends Colorado Springs

A subset of the Friends of the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad located in Colorado Springs, Colorado, with the mission of preservation, restoration, and interpretation of CTSRR historic assets. The Springs group is primarily involved in restoration. See below for blog archive of older postings. For a brief history of 470 please click the link below to the Friends website.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

November-December 2019

Work on the interior of 470 was accelerating as plans are to move it to Antonito in early spring.

Assembly of the seats was completed and considerable progress was made on the partitions between the seats.  Flashing on the clerestory windows progressed nicely and installation of hardware on the lower windows was begun.  Also wind damage to the protective structure was repaired.


 Dean is working on seat assembly near the end of the car.  It seemed to be easier to put one of the frames on the floor, fit the cross braces, then place the second frame on top.















 Bill L. and Don are attaching hinges to the seat and seat back.












Tom was able to take some aerial views when he was working on the clerestory windows.  (A peeping Tom?)  Don and Bill L. are assembling a seat.










Arm rests were screwed on to the frames.












The arm rests next to the walls had to be cut slightly narrower since there was no room for an overhang.










We started work at the west end of the car and this photo shows several seat assemblies in place, as well as some of the partitions between the seats partially constructed.  The photos on the seats are used for guides in the rebuild along with plans that are available, the Carbuilder's Cyclopedia, sister cars, and other sources.  The photos are also used as displays on tours that come through the Trolley Museum.




This is a closeup of the photo on the right above showing the details of the dividers between seats, the posts to support the upper bunks, the raised upper bunks, and the sliding doors in the partitions between seats.  This photo was taken of a sister car after construction and prior to delivery.




This is a view of the ladies restroom and heater areas in the southwest corner of the car.  The heater area is behind the curved wall next to the door.  In front of the curved wall will be a toilet and wash basin.













This photo shows a detail of the base of the curved wall with a grooved strip of wood that has been curved to hold the boards.  In the photo above curved pieces of wood are placed on the convex side of the wall for reinforcement.













In this photo we have moved to the other end of the car, to the area of the men's "saloon" in the northeast corner.  The partition between the hand washing area and the seat is being built.  Craig, Dean, John E. and Don are planning the next move.




This is a better view of the same partition.  There will be a seat backing up to it on this side and the men's wash station on the other side.















Another sky view showing Craig fitting the end cap on the partition.
In this photo the partition separating the men's wash station and toilet is being started.  The grooved pieces for the boards are being installed.














We began assembling the posts between the seats.  Brass castings were made on which the bunks rest when in the down or sleeping position.  Some burrs were present on the insides and needed to be filed down, which is what Bill K. is doing here.







This photo shows an assembled post.  The bottom (to the right) is screwed into the top cross frame of the seat and the top of the post is inserted into the bottom of the arch casting which is fastened to the side of the clerestory.








A close up view of the casting.  The top part of the post is square and the bottom is round.











This is a top view of the casting.  The bunks rest on the flanges on either side.  A rubber bumper goes in the smaller square hole.














This photo shows the lower part of a post installed adjacent to the ladies' lavatory.















This is the upper part of the same post.  The bunk lengths will be limited by the distance between posts.















The window hardware installation was begun.  On the window sill on the left is a latch that goes on the side of the window to hold it open.  There are several stops to have them open different amounts for ventilation.  On the right is a hook shaped handle to lift the window up which goes on the tab in the center on the bottom of the window frame.





Larry is installing the stops on the window opening.












Scott is installing a latch on the window frame.











Meanwhile Tom continues work on the clerestory windows.











When new these cars had a cord running the length hanging from the ceiling to be used to stop the train in an emergency.  Air is released from the brake lines and the train comes to a sudden stop.  The cord was suspended by leather straps with brass hardware on each end.  In this photo there are three straps between the chandeliers.







This photo shows a reproduction of one of the leather straps that will be used in 470.















A better look at the strap hardware is seen here.  The upper piece is fastened into the ceiling of the car and the pull cord passes through the ring in the lower piece.














Craig tapered the ends of the platform end sill on the east end of 470 to match photos of similar cars.  The west end was done earlier.










Now John can secure the railing on the east end.












Meanwhile, the couplers were being assembled by Russ and Patricia Hanscom in their shop in New Mexico.  I wasn't there, but this looks like a drill press on steroids, drilling holes in a 1" piece of steel.








The steel pieces with wood spacers were attached  to the coupler.











Rivets were seated with a hydraulic press.












Everything fits together nicely.












Lastly, the west end of the structure has been repaired and is being replaced in this photo.  John E. is on his way up to put the end material in place.









Here the end piece is being secured with clamps on the piping, then the top and sides will be brought over the end and tightened.




Thanks again to those who contributed photos, John E., Tom S., Don A. and the Hanscoms.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

October 2019

October was a busy month with extra work sessions added.  Much  effort was directed to the interior of the car but work also continued on the clerestory window flashing.  In addition the ends of the protective structure sustained wind damage and the west end panel was removed and sent for repairs.

Work continued on installing seats.  Bill K. in this photo is grinding out the grooves in the seat castings so the seat backs and bottoms slide easily when converting from the seated to sleeping positions.









 This photo shows the grooves in which the pins on the seats and backs must slide.











Here Dean and John C. are drilling holes in the seat castings for the screws that will hold them in place in the car.











Hinges were installed on the seat back and bottom.












Seat frames and cross pieces were screwed together, here by John C. with Bill L. and Don helping.











Each seat was checked out to insure the back and bottom slid freely in the frame.  Dean is working on two of the single seats.  These are positioned against the walls at the ends of the car.









Bill L. is placing a screw in the top crosspiece of this seat.  The outboard frame is screwed to the wall and the feet of the frame on the aisle are screwed to the floor.










This is a section of the drawing of the 470-type cars showing the south side of the west end of our car as it is currently situated.  In the corner the round item is a coal fired heater.  To the left next to the curved wall is the ladies' toilet, with a water tank and wash basin on the left wall.  (Click on the image to magnify.)




This part of the drawing shows the northeast corner of the car with the "Gents' Saloon" in the corner.  It is larger than the ladies'facility but unheated.  There is a straight wall adjacent to the toilet and on the other side of the wall to the right is a water tank and wash basin.  The oval structure to the far right in this space is labelled "Cooler."  There is another wall between the cooler and the seat.


The walls are constructed out of red oak finished and beaded on both sides.












These pieces were milled to take the oak boards and are fastened to the walls and floor.  The curved piece is fastened to the convex side of the curved wall to maintain the shape and provide stability.














Craig made a mockup of the curved wall.  One of the grooved pieces as above was bent to hold the lower ends of the boards.  The stabilizing piece is clamped on.










Here is the mockup in place where the wall will be.











The grooved moulding is fixed to the wall at an angle to start the curve.

This photo shows the beginning of the construction of the curved wall.  Lots of fitting to be done!
















This photo shows the finished curved wall.  The heater goes on the right of it and the ladies toilet on the left.  The open door at the end of the car is at the extreme right.















There is a curved brace on the convex side of the wall.












The wall between the ladies wash basin and the first seat was straight and therefore simpler.  This is a photo looking toward the west end of the car.















The walls between the seats were begun.  Grooved moulding was fastened to the outer wall and the first board fitted into it with cutouts where necessary.










Each board was cut to length and the upper end rounded to fit the curve of the ceiling.
















The first two partly done.













There will be sliding doors between the seats so there is an opening in the walls as shown here.  The support post for the upper boards is temporary.















By the end of the month work was progressing well on the walls.  In this photo John Engs is showing the car to some visitors from the Friends meeting.  We get visitors from the Trolley Museum also since their docents include 470 on their tours of the streetcars.








With the walls in place we are able to finish the ceiling.  Insulation was not sprayed where the walls were to go, so these areas needed insulation.










Fiberglass was used as shown here.













Moulding was fixed to the upper walls against which to place the ceiling boards.  Don is nailing this piece in place.











The ceiling boards are cut to length and nailed in place.  John C. is holding and Don nailing.












This photo shows a completed section.













Tom Simco, a retired sheet metal guy, has been installing the copper flashing on the clerestory windows.










First the corner pieces that Ron made are installed.












Then a piece of flashing is laid over the corner pieces along the window sill.  You may ask "Where did you find custom copper flashing to fit all of these angles?"  Answer:  Tom made them.









This is a sheet metal brake for bending and shaping sheet metal, brought up from Antonito.












The copper was shaped to fit the windows using the brake.













The copper work was a time consuming process but moving right along and looking good.












A few other tasks were completed this month.  In this photo Mike is cutting off the protruding threads from the platform railing posts on the east end of the car.









This looks much better.


















Finally, the protective structure for the car sustained wind damage with the seams fastening the zippers to the fabric tearing out.  This photo shows the removal of the west end which was sent for repairs.














Now the main part of the fabric has to be brought out over the end arch and tacked down.






Thanks again to Tom and Don for help with the photos.

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